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What Are Permanent Dentures? Understanding Your Long-Term Tooth Replacement Options

Permanent Dentures

Do you have missing teeth and want a replacement for them that feels as natural and stable as your own teeth once did? That is to say, do you want dentures that would replace your natural teeth not only in name but in essence, too? This can become a possibility through permanent dentures.

Permanent dentures have emerged as a revolutionary teeth replacement treatment for people with missing teeth, giving them new teeth that are as healthy, strong, stable, and beautiful as natural human teeth. Harnessing the power of dental implants (which boast a success rate of 96.4%), this incredible teeth replacement technology is becoming increasingly popular lately.

In this blog, we’ll discuss everything there is to know about permanent dentures, including what they are, how they work, and much more.

What Are Permanent Dentures?

Let’s start with the basics and understand what permanent dentures are and how they differ from traditional dentures. 

As the name suggests, permanent dentures are a ‘permanent’ (long-term) teeth replacement treatment that uses ‘fixed dentures‘ (fixed artificial teeth) to replace missing teeth in edentulous patients. This is the basic definition of permanent dentures, putting it in direct contrast with temporary dentures – which are a ‘temporary’ (short-term) teeth replacement treatment that uses ‘removable dentures’ (removable artificial teeth) to replace missing teeth in toothless patients. 

It goes without saying that permanent dentures are a superior way of replacing missing teeth as compared to temporary/traditional dentures. The former provides a lifetime solution to missing teeth and the latter only provides a transitory fix for it. That too with a low success rate, leading to more failed dental implants.

How Do Permanent Dentures Work?

We’ve discussed the basic definition of permanent dentures and the difference between them and temporary dentures. Now, the crucial question is: how do permanent dentures provide patients with a long-term, stable smile as opposed to temporary dentures? The answer is dental implants! Dental implants are the agents that provide the ultimate stability and strength associated with permanent dentures.

When you lose a tooth, you not only lose the visible part of it (the crown) but also the part that’s embedded deep into the jawbone (the root). The root is what anchors a tooth in place and provides it with the necessary support and strength. So, in order to have a permanent replacement for missing teeth, you need a replacement for tooth roots as well, and dental implants provide just that! 

Dental implants provide a perfect replacement for missing tooth roots. They are embedded into the jawbone (just like natural tooth roots) via a minimally invasive implant surgery. This creates a stable and strong base for the attachment of artificial teeth (denture), which is then placed over the implants, giving patients a permanent replacement for missing teeth. 

Who Can Benefit From Permanent Dentures?

Permanent dentures are made for edentulous people – people who have a complete lack of teeth in the lower/upper jaw or in both jaws. Having lost all of their teeth, they want a stable, long-lasting solution that mimics the feel and function of natural teeth, and permanent dentures offer them exactly that. Additionally, this treatment can be beneficial for:

  • People who use traditional/temporary dentures are not satisfied with them and want to move towards a fixed, long-term teeth replacement option. 
  • People who, besides having experienced complete tooth loss, have also experienced bone loss in the jaw. Dental implants stimulate growth in the surrounding jawbone tissues and hence can be beneficial for such patients.
  • People who don’t have complete tooth loss but have lost almost all of their teeth, and hence aren’t eligible for dental bridges. 

What Are The Prerequisites For Getting Permanent Dentures?

We’ve already described the categories of people who can benefit from permanent dentures. However, not everyone who falls in the above-mentioned categories is eligible for permanent dentures, as there are some prerequisites for achieving absolute candidacy. These include:

  • Good Overall Health: The person wanting to get permanent dentures must be generally healthy with no chronic underlying medical conditions. This is important because certain medical conditions and systemic disorders (like diabetes) can inhibit dental implant healing and may lead to implant failure.
  • Good Dental Health: A potential implant recipient should also have good overall dental health and no history of gum disease or other periodontal diseases. He should be diligent with his oral hygiene. This is important because the oral environment plays a huge role in implant healing.
  • Sufficient Bone Density: The jawbone provides the primary support to dental implants. Hence, it’s necessary for an implant recipient to have sufficient jawbone density to keep the implants stable. People with mild jawbone loss are eligible to get permanent dentures (in fact, it’s beneficial for them to get implants to stimulate bone growth, as mentioned in the previous section). However, people with severe bone loss can’t get them without getting bone grafting done in advance. This will add up to the cost of permanent dentures.
  • Non-Smoker And Non-Alcoholic: People who wish to get permanent dentures must not be heavy smokers or alcohol consumers, as both smoking and alcohol consumption compromises the immune system and impact implant healing.

What’s The Process Of Permanent Denture Placement?

The placement procedure of permanent teeth dentures is a straightforward one and is pretty time and cost-effective as well (contrary to the misconceptions held by patients regarding this treatment). The procedure can be divided into 3 stages: 

Stage#1 (Diagnostics And Preplanning):

This is the diagnostics and preplanning stage, where your surgeon will perform a comprehensive dental exam to determine your candidacy for this treatment. For this, he will use modern dental diagnostic tools like 3D CT scans and dental X-rays. These tools will provide detailed intra and extra-oral pictures to the surgeon, which will help them determine if you have enough jawbone to receive implants, and subsequently to plan out the sites and angulation of implant placement.

Stage#2 (Implant Surgery And Temporary Denture Placement):

The next stage involves implant surgery, where your surgeon will place implants in your jawbone (as per the planning done in the previous stage) under anesthesia. 4-6 dental implants would be required to replace a complete arch of missing teeth, depending on case to case. Once implants are placed, they’re left to heal (for 6-8 weeks), and a temporary implant denture is attached to them to assist the patient in normal eating activities during the healing period.

Stage# 3 (Permanent Dentures Placement):

After the implants have healed following their 6-8 weeks healing period, your surgeon will remove the temporary denture and replace it with a permanent denture. This denture is permanently secured to the implants, ensuring a comfortable and stable fit in your mouth for an absolute smile renewal.

Conclusion 

Considering their long-term functional and aesthetic benefits, easy installation process, and cost-effectiveness, permanent dentures are a great teeth replacement option for people looking to get all of their teeth replaced. For more details and insights into this revolutionary treatment, book a FREE consultation with the implant experts practicing at NY Implant Clinic, a premium clinic located in New York City, New York. Our team of experts would assist you with all of your dental queries, helping you achieve your dream dental transformation within your budget. 

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